Rabbijn Dr. Nathan Lopes Cardozo (1946) werd geboren in Amsterdam en woont sinds 1977 in Israël. Als kind van een Portugees-Joodse vader en een niet-Joodse moeder heeft hij een lange weg afgelegd. Op zijn 16e is hij ‘uitgekomen’ (Joods geworden) bij Chacham Salomon Rodrigues Pereira. Jaren later haalde hij zijn rabbijnentitel aan de orthodoxe Gateshead Yeshiva. In Jeruzalem richtte hij de David Cardozo Academy op en geeft lezingen in Israel en het buitenland voor Joden en niet Joden. Hij is de auteur van 15 boeken. De laatste twee: “Jewish Law as Rebellion. A Plea for Religious Authenticity and Halachic Courage” (Urim Publications, 2018) en “Cardozo on the Parasha, Bereshit” (Kasva Press, 2019),het eerste van 7 delen op de Tora en de feestdagen. Rabbijn Lopes Cardozo neemt in zijn geschriften geen blad voor de mond en zijn ideeën worden in de velerlei media fel bediscussieerd.
When I contemplate the future of the State of Israel and its inhabitants, I realize more and more that religious Judaism must become its primary driving force so as not merely to survive but to actually flourish. Without Judaism Israel will not make it. It will slowly disintegrate and eventually cease to exist. No army or government, however powerful and brilliant, will be able to guarantee Israel’s future unless Judaism is its central component. Israel cannot continue to live on a borrowed identity. In the long run, it will not thrive and keep its citizens happy and motivated by means of a lukewarm relationship with religious Judaism, or by constantly emphasizing that it is the nation state of the Jewish people.
It simply won’t work, because Israel must first show that there is a superb reason for the Jewish people to exist. It must reveal why it was able to survive against all odds; how it gave birth to a magnificent concept called ethical monotheism; and why it was able to make an indispensable contribution to humankind and turn the world on its head. It was Judaism, and only Judaism, that brought this about.
The land and State of Israel was never and can never be the goal of the Jewish people. It is a means to carry out a great mission, and unless we rediscover and accept this calling, Israel will eventually collapse.
But in order to achieve this rediscovery, a powerful outcry on the part of its citizens is required.
We need a huge showdown for the soul of Judaism; an uprising by hundreds of thousands of secular Israelis demanding an honest and genuine Judaism. No political parties, no embarrassing financial deals, and no religious coercion. A Judaism that will inspire them, lift their spirits, and make them burst with pride to be Jewish.
I imagine a spiritual revolution by secular Israelis who are fed up with the religious establishment and instead demand rabbinical leadership that will hear their longing for a Judaism that speaks to them. A leadership that will admit it has played its cards wrong for years and has continually misread the minds and hearts of these secular Israelis.
I envision rabbis who dare to take a stand; who stop looking over their shoulders and start thinking out of the box; who show courage and do not act out of fear; who stop worrying about the influences of other denominations of Judaism and instead are prepared to have an honest dialogue with them. I picture a rabbinate that introduces prophetic Halacha, which uses not only the rulings of the Shulchan Aruch but also the vital teachings of our prophets and great thinkers – Jewish and non-Jewish – so as to find new spiritual solutions that will convince all of us how much more Judaism has to offer than we ever imagined.
I wait for the moment when young secular Israelis will realize there is no future for the State of Israel without Judaism, but that this Judaism must become a spiritual protest movement that entrusts a mission to its own people and to humankind at large. A Judaism that steers its people to once again become “a light to the nations”; one that fully appreciates the prophets’ right to nonconformity; and one that does not admire complacency but rather shatters it.
I look forward to the time when religious leaders will consist of people who encourage a genuine dialogue with the secular population; when they will respond to the people’s demands to produce major Jewish thinkers and highly inspiring personalities.
A time when yeshivot will cease to be institutions of mass production in which vital issues of faith are shunned; a time when looking to trivial substitutes for refuge will once and for all be taboo.
The supreme need of the hour is not rabbinical intervention, or religious political parties, but a grassroots movement demanding a Judaism that has risen above all denominations and will fight for a renewed personal attachment to Jewish thinking and living; a Judaism that realizes and appreciates ‘secular’ Israelis’ complete awareness that life cannot be lived with an empty heart.
There is no denying that many Israelis search for the imponderable quality of their souls as well as for communication between the world of the spirit and between the inner world of the individual and its outer manifestations.
Israelis look for a Judaism that is not just a mood, feeling or sentimental attachment to some old-fashioned customs and ceremonies, but one that will dare them to take a serious look at its teachings vis-à-vis their own lives, and for which they will have to sweat instead of receiving it on a silver platter.
They seek a Judaism that is a source of cognitive insight, a way of thinking, and a genuine course of action, not just a form of religious behaviorism; a Judaism that will demand intellectual confrontation rather than evasion.
Israelis should demand religious leaders that earn great respect in the eyes of Jewish and non-Jewish intellectuals; rabbis who demonstrate how Judaism has an important role to play in world affairs and in the intellectual community; rabbis who are invited to lecture at Harvard and Columbia; and religious thinkers who can appreciate but also challenge general philosophy, who admit that there are serious intellectual clashes with the Jewish faith and practice, and who are not afraid to suggest new responses.
Israelis should insist on rabbinical leaders and thinkers who will kick up a storm that will overturn the whole of Israeli society. A storm that will prove these religious leaders have freed themselves from the quicksand in which they are stuck. In a completely unprecedented shift, these rabbis should lead the ship of Torah at full sail right into the heart of Israeli society, causing such a shock that it will take days, weeks, even months before it can get back on its feet.
With knives between their teeth, and like the prophets of biblical days, these religious leaders should be known for their impeccable and uncompromising conduct, and should create an ethical-religious uproar that will scare the moral wits out of the secular and religious societies and weigh heavily on their souls. Members of the Israeli government and its many institutions should be trembling when reproached by these towering personalities.
Real religious leaders should not be ‘honored’, ‘valued’, or ‘well respected’. It is not their task to give nice, sweet drashot, or participate in high-society gatherings and official government functions.
As people of truth, they should be feared.
Israelis should be shaking in their boots at the thought of meeting with them but should simultaneously be incapable of staying away from their fascinating personalities.
The time has come for secular Israelis to hold mass demonstrations for the sake of their souls. If they don’t, no one will do it for them.